39. True or False. You have a client who is lying in a supine position (lying flat) and you ask the client to medially rotate (which means rotate toward the center of the body) and flex their knee, the muscle that would be used to do this would be the popliteus. TRUE
40. You must study isotonic, isometric, eccentric and concentric.
Most massage schools throughout the country will have questions on these four things and will give situations where you will have to tell whether something is isotonic, isometric, eccentric or concentric. When I was an AMTA Massage Instructor years ago, I would put this on my exams. About MET (Muscle Energy Techniques). MET are a class of soft tissue manipulation methods that incorporate precisely directed and controlled patient initiated, isometric and/or isotonic contractions designed to improve musculoskeletal function & reduce pain.
Isometric contraction is one in which a muscle, or group of muscles, or a joint, or region of the body, is called upon to contract or move in a specific direction, and in which that effort is matched by the practitioner/therapist’s effort, so that no movement is allowed to take place.
Isotonic contractions in which movement does take place, in that the counterforce offered by the therapist is either less than that of the patient, or is greater. In the first isotonic example there would be an approximation of the origin and insertion of the muscle(s) involved, as the effort exerted by the patient more than matches that of the therapist. This has a tonic effect on the muscle(s) and is called a concentric isotonic contraction. This method is useful in toning weakened musculature.
The other form of isotonic contraction involves an eccentric movement in which the muscle, while contracting, is stretched. The effect of the therapist offering greater counterforce than the patient’s muscular effort is to lengthen a muscle which is trying to shorten. This is called an isolytic contraction when performed rapidly. This maneuver is useful in cases where there exists a marked degree of fibrotic change. The effect is to stretch and alter these tissues – inducing controlled microtrauma – thus allowing an improvement in elasticity and circulation. When the eccentric isotonic stretch is performed slowly, the effect is to tone the muscle being stretched, while simultaneously inhibiting the antagonists, which can subsequently be stretched.1 We would like to thank Dr. Leon Chaitow, Honorary Fellow, University of Westminster, London for giving us permission to reprint the above number 40. From his book Muscle Energy Techniques.
41. What kind of insurance should a therapist obtain for their protection against an accident and/or malpractice? Liability Insurance
42. True or False. Massage therapists do not have to keep accurate records as long as their clients schedule appointments regularly. FALSE.
43. True or False. The method used which fixes the calcaneus (the subtalar joint) and circumducts the forefoot is the circumduction test. TRUE.
44. True or False. The client’s Intake Form is essential for the first visit in order to obtain their personal health and history information. TRUE
45. True or False. The epididymis is part of the male reproductive system? TRUE. It is a structure within the scrotum that is attached to the rear the testis.
46. True or False. In Ayurvedic the three doshas are Vata, Pitta, and QiGong. FALSE, they are Kapha, Pitta and Vata.
47. True or False. In Ayurvedic, Pitta is referred to as fire. TRUE
48. True or False. In Arurvedic, Vata types are creative, Kapha types are patient and usually solidly built, and Pitta types are firey and they tend to be impatient and they should avoid spicy foods. TRUE
49. True or False. In Arurvedic there is something called time elements. There are time periods throughout each day that describes how our energy levels are functioning. From 2 am to 6 am and 2 pm to 6 pm is referred to as Vata times and during this time you will have a lot of creativity but your physical energy tends to be low, and from 6 am to 10 am and from 6 pm to 10pm, it is referred to at the Kapha times and during this time you tend to be lethargic. From 10 am to 2 pm and from 10 pm to 2 am it is referred to as Pitta times and referred to as firey energy. TRUE
50. This is not a question. It is for you to study thoroughly.
In The Chinese Time Clock theory, the time clock is universal. There are two reasons/causes of disease according to the Chinese. They are lack of blood flow to the various organ/s, and lack of energy to the organ. Our energy starts circulating in the body from 3-5 am. According to the Chinese we only need approximately 3-4 hours of sleep IF our body is in perfect balance. The time element for the organs are as follows...
Note: When I was in school in the late 1980s we were given questions on the energy meridians and channels. Our questions ranged from i.e. [What time would the energy for the liver meridian be most active? Of course it would be 1-3 am.] Remember the times, the meridians, and the organs as questions can be stated in many different styles. I always preferred no multiple choice questions on the tests I would create for students as it helped to eliminate any confusion for the ‘test-takers.’
Study the text below thoroughly. When I list Lung it also means lung meridian, stomach also means stomach meridian, etc. I will have charts in the back of this book.
Note: The spleen is part of the immune system and the spleen makes our blood and is involved in both the red and white cell formation. The Pancreas produces red blood cells.
- 3-5am Lung and the Lung meridian is paired with the large intestine
- 5-7am Large Intestine
- 7-9am Stomach and the stomach meridian is paired with the spleen and pancreas
- 9-11am Spleen – Pancreas
The Triple heater does not have a corresponding organ but certainly has a meridian as The organs involved in this are the thyroid, adrenal/kidney and the lungs. Sometimes it is called the body’s furnace.
- 11am – 1pm Heart, and the heart meridian is paired with the small intestine
- 1-3pm Small Intestine (where most of the digestion takes place)
- 5-7pm Kidney (Adrenal Glands)
- 7-9pm Heart Constrictor
- 9-11pm Triple Heater which controls digestion, excretion, respiration is referred to as the body’s temperature and energy zone.
- 1-3am Liver, and the liver meridian is paired with the gall bladder and the liver stores glycogen as well as distributes sustenance.
51. True or False. In the five element theory, the elements are fire, metal, water, earth, and wood and in the design of a five pointed start, it includes the emotions/traits, climates, seasons, taste, and the five elements are constantly interacting with each other in order to bring about changes and the Qi or Chi (energy) circulates throughout the organs every 24 hours. TRUE
52. This is not a question. In the five element theory the elements are as follows:
- Wood relates to the liver, the trait is anger and the taste is sour
- Fire relates to the heart and sexual glands, the trait is arrogance and impatience and the taste is bitter
- Earth relates to the stomach, the trait is worry and the taste is sweet
- Metal relates to the lungs, the trait is sadness, and the taste is spicy
- Water relates to the kidneys and the taste is salty and the trait is fear.
53. True or False. The Governing vessel originates from the perineum just before the anus, runs in the midline up along the spinal column and reaches the head. This meridian meets all the Yang meridians. In TCM is it referred to as the sea of the yang meridians. It is responsible for governing the energy (Qi) for all the yang meridians of the body. TRUE
54. True or False. The Conception vessel originates from the perineum, runs along the anterior midline of the abdomen, passes through the cheek and enters into the eye socket finally. It runs along the front of the body and it meets all the yin meridians, and thus is called the sea of the yin meridians. It is responsible for receiving and bearing the energy (Qi) of the yin meridians. In women, this meridian is thought to originate in the uterus. TRUE
55. True or False. The Girdling Vessel originates below the rib side and it runs in a downward path along the lateral side of the loin and encircles the waist. It passes through the uterus like a girdle, and it retains the meridians of the entire body. TRUE
56. True or False. It would be okay to use hydrotherapy if your patient has the following: diabetes, very high blood pressure, or any infections. FALSE
57. True or False. Applying cold packs or ice would help to reduce inflammation, muscle spasms, and reduce swelling. TRUE
58. How many main charkas are there? SEVEN
59. What is Anatomy? A study of the structure of the body.